Now I know.

The Piet Zwart Institute / Willem de Kooning Academy, Rotterdam
Revolver – Archiv für aktuelle Kunst, Frankfurt am Main

are pleased to present a new publication:

Exercises in Hermetics

ed. Christoph Keller, with contributions by
60 artists, authors and designers,
compiled and collected by students
of the Piet Zwart Institute, Rotterdam (mainly english);
29,7 x 21 cm, 160 pp., 99 ill., paperback

ISBN 3-86588-098-3
Euro 25,00

What is Black Friday?

Black Friday, name applied to a short-lived financial crisis in the United States that occurred on Friday, September 24, 1869. The panic was precipitated when two financial speculators, James Fisk and Jay Gould, attempted to corner the U.S. gold market. On September 20 they began purchasing gold in New York City; by September 24 they controlled enough of the available supply in the city to bid up the price from about 140 to 163y. This rapid increase in the price of gold threw the stock exchange into confusion, and the prices of commodities fluctuated wildly. The inflationary run on gold was halted toward the close of the business day when U.S. Secretary of the Treasury George Sewall Boutwell announced that the federal government had made $4 million of its gold reserves available for trading. Fisk and Gould probably made
a profit of about $11 million by their manipulations, but many businesspeople claimed to have been ruined by the panic.

What is Black Friday?

The day after Thanksgiving in the United States, is frequently referred to as Black Friday.
General Use: One of the major U.S. holiday shopping days. The day many U.S. consumers begin Christmas shopping. The day is heavily promoted by retailers.
Origin: The origin of Black Friday comes from the shift to profitability during the holiday season. Black Friday was when retailers went from being unprofitable, or "in the red," to being profitable, or "in the black", at a time when accounting records were kept by hand and red indicated loss and black profit.

Contributions by:
Anton Vidokle
Bik Van Der Pol
Bill Drummond
Birgit Knoechl
Carey Young /
Massimo Sterpi
Carol Bove
Cerith Wyn Evans
Christoph Keller
Christoph Steinegger
Claude Closky
Daniel Herskowitz
Derek Barnett
Deric Carner
Edgar Arceneaux

Florian Pumhösl Gardar Eide Einarsson
Haegue Yang
Heiko Karn
Helen Mirra
Henrik Olesen
Ibon Aranberri
Jakob Kolding
Jan Verwoert
Jelke de Gooijer
Jonathan Monk
Jop van Bennekom
Katarina Zdjelar
Katja Strunz
Kelly Warman
Klaus Weber

Kirstine Roepstorff Liam Gillick
Low Profile
Ludovic Burel
Manuel Raeder
Mariana Castillo
Markus Amm
Markus Dreeßen
Markus Schinwald
Markus Weisbeck
Martin Boyce /
Douglas Coupland
Martin Neumaier
Mathias Poledna
Michael Hakimi
Michael S. Riedel

Michael Stevenson Nato Thompson
Oezlem Altin
Olaf Nicolai
Paul Nulty
Renee Ridgway
Roman Schramm
Simon Dybbroe Møller
Sonya Spry
Thomas Bayrle
Tim Lee
Tobias Laukemper
Tue Greenfort
Will Stuart

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